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Contumacy

WordmeaningContumacy (con-tu-ma-cy) A noun originating from the 13th century during 1150-1200 deriving from the Middle English and Anglo-French “contumacie,” as well as Latin’s “contumacia” which translates to “rebellion,” “stubbornness,” or “firmness.”
The meaning is specifically resisting or having a stubborn resistance to authority as well as a willful contempt of a court order, summons, or law. It also means insubordination or disobedience. In traditional laws ruling the Chinese, contumacy is considered one of the Ten Abominations and involves killing or harming one’s parents, grandparents, husband, or relatives. Ex. The ruler’s contumacy may have caused his defeat.