An oxymoron is term used in literature and grammar to denote an instance where contradictory terms are combined to form phrases. An oxymoron combines an adjective with a noun and is often confused with pleonasm. Pleonasms are the opposite, or antonyms, of oxymora and are redundant terms placed together.
The word oxymoron is derived from the Greek language. The original Greek translation is “oxymoros.” “Oxy” meaning sharp or pointed and “moros” meaning dull or foolish. Combined, the roots form the word oxymoron meaning “pointedly dull” or “sharply foolish.”
The basic definition of an oxymoron is two words put together to form a phrase which contradicts itself.
Examples of a oxymoron:
- living dead
- big sip
- original copy
If something is living it can’t be dead. A sip is a small swallow and a copy is not an original. Oxymora may be formed inadvertently or they may be used in stylistic pieces to make a point. The classic song “The Sound of Silence” uses an oxymoron to relate a specific image to the listener.
Although the term “oxymorons” can be found, it is the incorrect plural of “oxymoron.” The correct plural of the word is “oxymora.”
An oxymoron is a paradox or a statement containing conflicting ideas. Paradoxical oxymora often become overused clichés. These include:
- deafening silence
- sweet sorrow
- grim smile
Oxymora have also been created through certain compound words. These words have been put together to form one word that contradicts itself. These words include:
Oxymora is popular in advertising and is often heard in infomercials, such as the popular “virtually spotless.”
Author William Lutz defines oxymora as
language that only pretends to communicate.
The use of oxymora in writings can provide humor and interest in a story and often make good book or movie titles when used judiciously.