(... is a kind of philosophical doctrine ) a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism; its most distinctive doctrine holds that the first principle and source of reality transcends being and thought and is naturally unknowable
"Neoplatonism was predominant in pagan Europe until the 6th century""Neoplatonism was a major influence on early Christian writers and on later medieval and Renaissance thought and on Islamic philosophy"
(... is a kind of philosophical doctrine ) the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity; high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors); peace; justice; influenced the traditional culture of China
(... is a kind of philosophical doctrine ) a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning
(... is a kind of philosophical doctrine ) (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
(... is a kind of philosophical doctrine ) (philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will
(... is a kind of philosophical doctrine ) (philosophy) the philosophical theory that formal (logical or mathematical) statements have no meaning but that its symbols (regarded as physical entities) exhibit a form that has useful applications