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Definitions and Synonyms of ribonucleic acid | Another word for ribonucleic acid | What is ribonucleic acid?

Definition 1: (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell - [noun denoting substance]

Samples where ribonucleic acid or its synonyms are used according to this definition

  • ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses

Synonyms for ribonucleic acid in the sense of this definition

(ribonucleic acid is a kind of ...) a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers

(... is a kind of ribonucleic acid ) ribonucleic acid found in the nucleolus of the cell

(... is a kind of ribonucleic acid ) the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell

(... is a kind of ribonucleic acid ) RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)

(ribonucleic acid is a part of ...) (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells

(ribonucleic acid is made of the substance ...) a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine

(ribonucleic acid is made of the substance ...) a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine

(ribonucleic acid is made of the substance ...) a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine

(ribonucleic acid is made of the substance ...) (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA

(ribonucleic acid is made of the substance ...) a pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid

(ribonucleic acid belongs to category ...) the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry

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